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When traveling outside of Rome you can choose from a variety of transportation. We begin with the slowest form of travel and work our way up...
There are walking trails for every level, whatever your experience. Whether you're looking for easy walks or challenging vie ferrate, Italy will amaze you. You can scale the breathtaking Dolomites, peer into brooding Sicilian volcanoes, explore medieval villages along the pilgrim routes of Tuscany, or saunter along the sparkling coastline of the Cinque Terre.
Biking in Rome presents a problem: Rome goes down...and up! Perhaps that is why there are not many bikes in Rome. Also, as with a scooter, you will have to contend with daily traffic jams and weave your way among the cars. Good luck!
That said, Italy is a wonderful place to explore for amateur cyclists and cycle tourists. Most regional trains accept bikes, making it easy to escape the city and start pedaling in the country. Look for a bike symbol on the list of departing trains, and also on the TrenItalia website.
Driving a car can be a pleasant way to see Italy, giving you the option to stop whenever somethings attracts your interest. But Italian driving laws differ from those in other countries, and Italian driving habits are "special," so if you plan to rent a car, it is advisable to learn a few things in advance. And you may need to obtain an international driving permit before you leave. For more information see renting and driving a car.
Italy has an extensive rail network that connects the entire country. TrenItalia operates 95% of the routes, providing 7000 trains a day, nearly half of them during peak traffic hours. There is a wide range of regional, intercity, and high-speed services to choose from, including local trains (Diretto or DIR), regional trains (Regionale or R), and interregional trains (Interregionale or IR). They stop at all the stations on the route, while faster, long-distance trains such as Intercity (IC) and Eurostar (ES) stop only in major cities. There are also high-speed Eurostar Italy trains, Freccia Rossa, that can reach 300 km/h.
You must stamp your ticket before boarding the train using one of the yellow machines on or near the train platforms.
For service times and more information, consult the national state rail system.
Travelling by air in Italy is easy, thanks to a wide range of flights and airlines. There are plenty of connections between cities, with frequent service from Rome-Fiumicino and Milan-Malpensa to other airports in Italy.
From the mainland it is simple and convenient to reach Sicily, for example, or Sardinia and the smaller islands. There are nearly forty small and medium-sized airports in Italy, present in every region except Molise and Basilicata.